Second Grade Curriculum

Second Grade Curriculum

The second grade curriculum will include these skills as recommended by the State Department of Education.  

By the end of Second Grade students should know:


·         Recognizes base/root words (happy- happily, unhappy)

·         Applies the following phonics skills: beginning, middle, and ending consonants; short (bed), long (hide), and r-controlled (car) vowels; blends (tr, pl), digraphs (wh, ch, gh), and diphthongs (oo, oi)

·         Identifies suffixes and prefixes (-ful, re-)

·         Identifies compound words (rainbow)

·         Identifies rhyming words (cat, sat)

·         Identifies homonyms(bear- animal, bear- without covering) , synonyms (big, large, huge), and antonyms (hot-cold, up-down)

·         Identifies contractions (won’t- will not)

Written Communication

·         Classifies words (nouns, verbs, adjectives, adverbs)

·         Recognizes simple word opposites (antonyms)

·         Alphabetizes words to the second letter

·         Uses notebook paper correctly--identifies the front and back

·         Begins sentences with a capital letter and ends sentences with appropriate punctuation mark

·         Uses correct rules of usage and expression

·         Writes three to five sentences about a topic

·         Uses correct spelling for frequently used sight words, spelling words, and vocabulary words

·         Reads own writing aloud to the class or small groups

·         Begins to use dictionaries

·         Writes simple stories with a beginning, middle, and end


·         Reads and follows directions independently

·         Reads independently for pleasure

·         Reads for extended periods of time

·         Selects and reads different genre

·         Uses title page, table of contents, and glossary

·         Recognizes the following elements of a given reading selection: main idea, details, sequence of events, and cause-effect relationships

·         Identifies the beginning, middle, and end of a story

·         Predicts what may happen in a story before and during a story using the pictures and vocabulary

·         Uses a variety of strategies to read fiction and nonfiction

·         Draws conclusions

·         Compares/contrasts two things

·         Distinguishes between reality and fantasy

·         Reads different genre

·         Self-corrects in oral reading by using context clues, prior knowledge, and by asking the following questions: Does it sound right? Does it make sense?

·         Reads 90 words per minute

·         Reads material on grade level


·         Prints legibly

·         Correctly forms letters and numbers

·         Correctly spaces words and sentences


·         Memorized basic addition and subtraction facts to 20

·         Knows the math symbols +, -, =, <, >, x.

·         Adds and subtracts 2 digit numbers with and without regrouping

·         Adds combinations of 1, 2, and 3 digit numbers with and without regrouping

·         Subtracts 1 and 2 digit numbers from 2 and 3 digit numbers without regrouping

·         Completes one-step and two-step addition and subtraction problems

·         Uses problem solving strategies such as draw a picture, guess and check, and make a chart

·         Writes a number sentence that represents a picture or an array for addition and subtraction

·         Knows even and odd numbers

·         Correctly uses the terms all, some, and none

·         Determines ordinal numbers to 20th

·         Translates words to numerals and numerals to words through 1000

·         Knows place value through hundreds

·         Understands different names for numerals, for example: 3 hundreds, 2 tens, 4 ones; three hundred twenty-four; and 300+20+4 are different names for 324

·         Knows numerical sequence to 1000 including; the number before, number after, number between two givens, number closest to a given, which is the least, which is the greatest, a number 10 more or less

·         Predicts and completes patterns with shapes and/or colors

·         Counts by ones, twos, fives, and tens up to 100; threes to 36; and fours to 48

·         Constructs and interprets simple bar graphs and pictographs with up to 5 columns, using whole unit data

·         Interprets symbols on graphs

·         Counts money up to $2 and counts change received

·         Tells time to the nearest 5 minute interval

·         Follows a schedule

·         Determines appropriate units to measure time (minutes, hours, days, weeks, months, years)

·         Identifies a line of symmetry

·         Knows which side of the ruler is inches and which side is centimeters

·         Measures using inch, foot, pound, ounce, centimeter, meter, gram, and kilograms

·         Identifies fractions: halves, thirds, fourths, fifths, sixths, and eighths

·         Identifies spheres, cubes, cylinders, and cones


·         Asks questions about the environment

·         Understands life cycles of plants, insects, and animals

·         Understands the causes of night and day

·         Understands the states and properties of matter

·         Identifies types of weather and seasons

·         Understands producers, consumers, and decomposers

Social Studies:

·         Identifies and follows rules

·         Identifies city, state, country, continent, and planet we live on

·         Develops and understanding of basic human rights

·         Has a basic understanding of citizenship

·         Identifies producers and consumers


  • learning to get along with other children and adults
  • having the opportunity to share experiences with others
  • developing responsibility for oneself
  • learning to accept and follow rules


  • developing a good self-concept
  • experiencing success in school work
  • becoming more independent and self-confident


  • practicing good health habits
  • participating in games and activities
  • developing large and small muscle coordination


  • expanding language skills
  • solving problems
  • expressing creativity through art and music
  • listening to stories
  • developing age appropriate reading and writing skills
  • exploring the world we live in
  • using mathematical concepts in everyday experiences